Your bowels need to be completely empty for the exam. A problem in your large intestine that needs to be treated may be missed if your intestines are not cleaned out.
Your health care provider will give you the steps for cleansing your bowels. This is called bowel preparation. Steps may include using enemas, not eating solid foods for 2 or 3 days before the test, and taking laxatives.
You need to drink plenty of clear liquids for 1 to 3 days before the test. Examples of clear liquids are:
- Clear coffee or tea
- Fat-free bouillon or broth
- Sports drinks
- Strained fruit juices
You will likely be told to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other blood-thinning medicines for several days before the test. Keep taking your other medicines unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
You will need to stop taking iron pills or liquids a few days before the test, unless your health care provider tells you it is okay to continue. Iron can make your stool dark black. This makes it harder for the doctor to view inside your bowel.
CT and MRI scanners are very sensitive to metals. Do not wear jewelry the day of your exam. You will be asked to wear a hospital gown for the procedure.