Treatment varies based on:
- Type of tumor
- Whether it is cancer or not
- Location of the tumor
You may not need treatment if the tumor is benign (noncancerous) and in a "safe" area where it will not cause symptoms or cause problems with the way an organ works.
Sometimes benign tumors may be removed for cosmetic reasons. Benign tumors of the brain may be removed because of their location or harmful effect on the surrounding normal brain tissue.
If a tumor is cancer, possible treatments include:
- A combination of these methods
If a cancerous tumor is in one location, surgery is usually performed. Surgery may also be done if the tumor has spread only to nearby lymph nodes.
If all of the cancer cannot be removed with surgery, treatment includes radiation or chemotherapy, or both. Some patients need a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.