The goals of treatment are to reduce pain and inflammation and prevent complications.
To reduce discomfort and swelling, your health care provider may recommend that you:
- Wear support stockings, if your leg is affected
- Keep the affected leg or arm raised above heart level
- Apply a warm compress to the area
If you have a catheter or IV line, it will likely be removed if it is the cause of the thrombophlebitis.
Medicines that may be prescribed include:
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation
If deeper clots (deep vein thrombosis) are also present, your provider may prescribe medicines to thin your blood. These medicines are called anticoagulants. Antibiotics are prescribed if you have an infection.
Surgical removal (phlebectomy), stripping, or sclerotherapy of the affected vein are occasionally needed to treat large varicose veins or to prevent further episodes of thrombophlebitis in high-risk patients.