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Sex-linked dominant
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Sex-linked dominant

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Inheritance - sex-linked dominant; Genetics - sex-linked dominant; X-linked dominant; Y-linked dominant

Sex-linked dominant is a rare way that a trait or disorder can be passed down through families. A single abnormal gene on the X chromosome can cause a sex-linked dominant disease.

Related terms and topics:

  • Autosomal dominant
  • Autosomal recessive
  • Chromosome
  • Gene
  • Heredity and disease
  • Inheritance
  • Sex-linked recessive

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    Inheritance of a specific disease, condition, or trait depends on the type of chromosome affected (autosomal or sex chromosome). It also depends on whether the trait is dominant or recessive. Sex-linked diseases are inherited through one of the sex chromosomes (the X or Y chromosome).

    Dominant inheritance occurs when an abnormal gene from one parent is capable of causing disease, even though a matching gene from the other parent is normal. The abnormal gene dominates the gene pair.

    For an X-linked dominant disorder: If the father carries the abnormal X gene, all of his daughters will inherit the disease and none of his sons will have the disease. That is because daughters always inherit their father's X chromosome. If the mother carries the abnormal X gene, half of all their children (daughters and sons) will inherit the disease tendency.

    In other words, if there are four children (two males and two females) and the mother is affected (one abnormal X, she has the disease) but the father is not, the statistical expectation is for:

    • Two children (one girl and one boy) with the disease
    • Two children (one girl and one boy) without the disease

    If there are four children (two males and two females) and the father is affected (abnormal X, he has the disease) but the mother is not, the statistical expectation is for:

    • Two girls with the disease
    • Two boys without the disease

    This does not mean that the children will necessarily be affected.

Related Information

  GenesChromosomeGeneticsSex-linked recessi...Autosomal dominant...Autosomal recessiv...    

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Review Date: 5/16/2012  

Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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