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Metastatic pleural tumor
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Metastatic pleural tumor

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Tumor - metastatic pleural

Metastatic pleural tumor is a type of cancer that has spread from another organ to the thin membrane (pleura) surrounding the lungs.

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  • Causes

    The blood and lymph systems can carry cancer cells to other organs in the body, where they can produce new growths or tumors. The spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body occurs in 20-40% of patients who are dying of cancer.

    Almost any type of cancer can spread to the lungs.

    Patients who have previously had cancer are at risk for developing metastatic pleural tumors if the cancer was not successfully treated.

  • Symptoms

    • Chest pain especially when taking a deep breath
    • Cough
    • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
    • Shortness of breath
    • Weight loss
  • Exams and Tests

    • Chest x-ray
    • CT scan of the chest
    • Open pleural biopsy
    • Pleural fluid analysis
    • Pleural needle biopsy
    • Removal of fluid from around the lungs (thoracentesis)
  • Treatment

    Pleural tumors usually cannot be removed with surgery. The original (primary) cancer should be treated. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be appropriate, depending on the type of primary cancer.

    Your health care provider may recommend a procedure called thoracentesis if you have a lot of fluid collecting around your lungs and you have shortness of breath or low blood oxygen levels. This procedure removes the fluid and allows the lung to expand more, making it easier to breathe.

    To prevent the fluid from collecting again, medication may be placed directly into your chest space through a tube, called a catheter. Or, your surgeon may spray a medication or talc on the lung surface during the procedure to remove the fluid surrounding your lungs.

  • Support Groups

    You can ease the stress of illness by joining a support group where members share common experiences and problems.

    See:

    • Cancer - support group
    • Lung disease - support group
  • Outlook (Prognosis)

    The 5-year survival rate (number of people who live for more than 5 years after diagnosis) is less than 25% for people with pleural tumors that have spread from other parts of the body.

  • Possible Complications

    • Side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy
    • Continued spread of cancer
  • Prevention

    Early detection and treatment of primary cancers may prevent metastatic pleural tumors in some individuals.

Related Information

  CancerPleural effusion...Incidence    

References

 Ettinger DS. Lung cancer and other pulmonary neoplasms. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: SaundersElsevier; 2011:chap 197.

Juergens RA, Spira AI, Brahmer JR. Effusions. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Niederhuber JE, et ak. Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2008:chap 60.

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Review Date: 6/5/2012  

Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

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