Always keep one hand on an infant who is lying on a changing table.
Place gates at the top and bottom of each stairway. Gates that screw into the wall are best. Follow the manufacturer's safety instructions.
Teach your child how to climb up the stairs. When they are ready to climb down, show them how to go down steps backwards on their hands and knees. Show toddlers how to walk down steps one step at a time, holding on to someone's hand, a handrail, or the wall.
Injury due to falls from windows can occur from even a first or second story window as well as from a high-rise. Follow these simple suggestions:
- Do not put a crib or bed near a window that a child can open.
- Place guards on windows to prevent them from opening wide enough for a child to fit through.
- Make sure fire escapes are not accessible or have adequate fencing.
Tips for avoiding falls from bunk beds include:
- Children, 6 years old and younger, should not sleep in the top bunk. They lack the coordination to prevent themselves from falling.
- Put bunk beds in a corner with walls on two sides. Make sure the guardrail and ladder for the top bunk are firmly attached.
- Do not allow jumping or roughhousing on top of or underneath the bed.
- Have a night light in the room.