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Brompheniramine overdose
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Brompheniramine overdose

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Brompheniramine is a type of medicine called an antihistamine, which helps relieve allergy symptoms. Brompheniramine overdose occurs when someone accidentally or intentionally takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medication.

This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222.

  • Brompheniramine
  • Brompheniramine maleate

I Would Like to Learn About:

  • Poisonous Ingredient

    • Brompheniramine
    • Brompheniramine maleate
  • Where Found

    Brompheniramine may be found in the following brand-name products:

    • Bromphen
    • Chlorphed
    • Dimetane
    • Dimetapp

    Note: This list may not be all-inclusive.

  • Symptoms

    Bladder and kidneys:

    • Inability to urinate
    • Difficulty urinating

    Eyes, ears, nose, mouth, and throat:

    • Blurred vision
    • Dilated pupils
    • Dry mouth
    • Ringing in the ears

    Heart and blood vessels:

    • Rapid heartbeat
    • Increased blood pressure

    Nervous system:

    • Agitation
    • Coma
    • Convulsions
    • Delirium
    • Disorientation
    • Drowsiness
    • Fever
    • Hallucinations
    • Nervousness
    • Tremor
    • Unsteadiness
    • Weakness

    Skin:

    • Flushed skin

    Stomach and intestines:

    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
  • Home Care

    Seek immediate medical help. Do NOT make a person throw up unless told to do so by Poison Control or a health care professional.

  • Before Calling Emergency

    Determine the following information:

    • Patient's age, weight, and condition
    • The name of the product (ingredients and strengths, if known)
    • Time it was swallowed
    • The amount swallowed
    • If the medication was prescribed for the person
  • Poison Control What to Expect at the Emergency Room

    The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States. This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. They will give you further instructions.

    This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does NOT need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

    Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible.

    See National Poison Control center.

  • The health care provider will measure and monitor the patient's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Symptoms will be treated as appropriate. The patient may receive:

    • Activated charcoal
    • Blood and urine tests
    • Chest x-ray
    • EKG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing)
    • Breathing support
    • Intravenous (through the vein) fluids
    • Laxatives
    • Medication to treat symptoms
    • Tube through the mouth into the stomach to empty the stomach (gastric lavage)
  • Outlook (Prognosis)

    If the patient survives the first 24 hours, chances of survival are good. Few patients actually die from an antihistamine overdose. With extremely high doses of antihistamines, serious heart rhythm disturbances may occur, which may result in death.

  • Prevention

    Keep all medications in child-proof bottles and out of the reach of children.

Related Information

     

References

Kirk MA, Baer AB. Anticholinergics and antihistamines. In: Shannon MW, Borron SW, Burns MJ, eds. Haddad and Winchester's Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 39.

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Review Date: 10/24/2013  

Reviewed By: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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